Energy applications demand materials systems with a large range of functionalities and stability often in stringent operating conditions. New tools and innovative design possibilities emerging from the utilization of micro-/nanotechnologies and more recently of additive manufacturing processes or other new innovative processing methods have the potential to create breakthroughs in today's energy conversion processes. This can be achieved
- the development of entirely new (designed) bulk/coating materials presenting improved functionality and/or stability during operation;
- the utilization of nano-/microstructures as well as additive or other innovative manufacturing processes to design materials properties and device functionality while reducing energy demand, waste materials and CO2 emission for their production;
- engineering the interfaces to minimize losses that currently limit device performance;
- the development of material synthesis techniques that allow upscaling to large quantities
- cooperating with the other modelling and characterisation sub-programs of AMPEA to benefit from the knowledge gained with advanced characterisation and multi-scale modelling to drive novel concepts for materials and devices.
The ambition of SP1 is to promote non-specific cutting-edge materials development with a potential for highly efficient energy applications. On one hand, SP1 addresses innovative approaches for the synthesis of materials and their assemblies at various scales (atomistic, microscopic, macroscopic). These encompass for example: i) new routes to synthesis multi-cation oxides with fast transport properties, high entropy alloys, etc. ii) new fabrication routes to produce advanced multi-layered systems with tailored compositions and microstructures etc.;
iii) new reactor concepts with innovative geometry (e.g. multichannel systems, tubular reactors, etc,); iv) novel approach and design of sealing technologies, etc. On the other hand, SP1 explores promising phenomena, in particular related to mass and/or charge transport, and establishes sound strategies to eliminate bottle-necks to the exploitation of these phenomena in energy applications. Bottle-necks and loss mechanisms are often related to interfacial effects. This sub-program addresses active materials present in various energy technologies (catalysis, photovoltaics, fuel cells, electrolysers, batteries, photocatalysis, thermoelectrics, gas separation membranes, membrane reactors, materials for fusion devices, materials for power plants, etc.), as well as those materials necessary in relevant key enabling technologies, e.g., refractive and protective coatings, light weight composites, and alloys. This interaction enables further improvement in conventional and new energy processes that currently have practical limitations in temperature, corrosive environments etc.